Muhammad Rifqi Muna, Ph.D, one of the notable researchers from Indonesian Institute of Sciences (Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia or LIPI) has proudly given public lecture on International Relations contemporary challenges, entitled “Contemporary Global Security in the Era of New Technologies”. This public lecture was organized by Master of International Relations Department, International Relations, Postgraduate School, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta on Thursday, February 22, 2018. On this public lecture, Mr. Muna has shared his experience and thought concerning some remarkable issues in International Relations, particularly those related to technological advancements and their impact to global security.

 

Mr. Muna sees that technological aspect in International Relations is rarely discussed, whereas it has contributed to a number of changes in international relations phenomena. In the last 300 years, information and communication technologies have grown so fast, and they have became more unprecedented in the last 20 years. We can not ignore the facts that many experts have developed transcendent inventions; such as AI or Artificial Intelligence, cyborgs and singularity, autonomous weapon, and autonomous vehicles that will improve human mobility. Companies nowadays would rather hire robots than human workers to maximize their benefits that presumably lead to the increase of unemployments.

 

New technologies have also contributed to redefine the concept of sovereignty; interconnectedness has made  national territory became the only plausible definition of sovereignty. The role and functions of the state have been limited, while companies have become more powerful. Thus, it may be causing vulnerability, uncertainty, complexity, and ambiguity in international affairs.

 

“Unfortunately, our economy has been increasing for few years due to national consumption, not production”, as it was stated by Mr. Muna. Indonesia should have more national technologists and experts to build up its technological capability and production. Despite the fact that Indonesia still has poor capacity in technology, Indonesia can contribute in advocating international regimes and regulations to prevent the worst impact of the invention of new technologies, particularly defense and military technologies. However, artificial intelligence and robots will never surpass humans’ role in creating and deciding values and norms.