Master of the International Relations Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta held a seminar entitled “China Strategy Become Superpower”, on Thursday, September 27, 2018. The event was attended by a number of master students and lecturers of the International Relations Department. The author of the book “Strategi China Menjadi Superpower, Professor Bambang Cipto, mentioned that China is “The Sleeping Giant” with huge potential. The Chinese development that has taken place in the in the midst of the United State’s fall is an interesting topic to be discussed.
“Appear weak when you are strong, and strong when you are weak.” it is Tsun Zu’s adage that has inspired the rise of China. China has not taken a dramatic strategy to become the superpower, rather they chose to use non-military approaches, which President Xi Jinping called “Peaceful Rise”. Global political developments have made the debate between capitalism and communism becomes irrelevant. China has for several decades been a capitalist country but still maintains Chinese culture. Prof. Bambang quoted Deng Xiaoping’s theory, “It doesn’t matter whether a cat is black or white, as long as it catches mice.”
China’s population that has reached more than one billion inhabitants becomes a fantastic market for foreign companies, especially for technology companies. Nevertheless, China’s strategy to implement technology transfer as a form of reciprocity from the open market enables China to absorb and develop the technology. Huawei has now become one of the largest smartphone manufacturers in the world. China also has hypersonic transportation that increases people’s mobility. Besides, China is also very leading in education, many scholarships are issued by the government for national and international students. The rate of scientific publications is even higher than the United States.
Dr. Sidik Jatmika added that the rise of China was not only caused by technological and economic advancement. The Chinese characters as a determined society, political stability, and superior infrastructure also influence the rise of China. To complement Prof. Bambang’s explanation, Dr. Sidik Jatmika said that China also has its dark side that is often criticized by international academics, such as the issue of sexuality, religiosity, One Child Policy, and environmental problems (high levels of air pollution). Nevertheless, Indonesia still can learn many things from China, particularly China’s commitment in law enforcement to corrupt government elites.