He earned bachelor degree from Universitas Gadjah Mada and MA degree from Ohio State University, USA. He has finished his doctoral degree in Political Science from Universitas Gadjah Mada. He also joined Post-Doctoral Fellow at the University of Arizona State, USA. He has extensively write the books, journals as well as columnists in various mass media.
His fields of interests are : Politic and Government of United States, and Democracy Studies, Foreign Policy and Human Rights issues.